Jun 29, 2011

ICC - Issued by THEMBA BENEDICT LANGA, Acting as counsel to and on behalf of Muammar Qadhafi, Saif Al Islam Qadhafi and Abdullah Al Senussi

.PDF document ORIGINAL
FABIO MARIA GALIANI, Legal Adviser, Member of the Defence Team
1. The Libyan Arab Jamahiriya never signed or ratified the international treaty establishing the International Criminal Court, therefore such international treaty and the International Criminal Court do not apply to the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya. It is clear that the ICC has no jurisdiction on the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya and that the immunity of the Head of State, provided by the international customary law, applies to Colonel Qadhafi.
The States Parties to the ICC (in green) and the signatories to the Rome Statute (in orange).
2. The UN SC Resolution 1970 (2011) referred the situation in the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya to the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court. The referral is invalid because it violates the Jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court in that the UN SC prescribes to the ICC who to prosecute and who not to prosecute when the Resolution prohibited the ICC from prosecuting nationals, current or former officials or personnel from a State outside the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya which is not party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court shall be subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of that State for alleged acts or omissions arising out or related to operations in the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya established or authorized by the Council, unless such exclusive jurisdiction has been expressly waived by the State. Therefore, the International Criminal Court’s jurisdiction, independence and impartiality have been compromised as it has been caused to discriminate against the State of Libya and its people. In so doing, the ICC has acted in a manner that is forbidden by its governing statute.
3. There is no doubt that in terms of the ICC Statute the UN SC has the power to refer a “situation” to the ICC, however, that does not entitle the UN SC to arrogate themselves powers that they fancy and to even undermine and violate the ICC Statute. In other words, by issuing the warrants of arrest the ICC has complacently misled the world about its penchant to take the law into its own hands as the ICC has no jurisdiction over Libya and the UN SC does not have the competency to grant the ICC ‘powers’ over Libya as the rule of customary international law states that the Rome Treaty cannot apply to States, such as Libya, that are not signatories thereto. Rome Statute of The International Criminal Court .PDF document (dowload)

4. The ICC investigation was opened in a very short period of time compared to the other situations. In other situations, even much less complicated, the Prosecutor took much more time to decide if to open an investigation or not under at.53, ICC Statute:
Afghanistan, under valuation since 2007;
Georgia, since 2008;
Guinea, since 2009;
Colombia, since 2006; 
 ICC investigation
Regarding the investigations already opened by the ICC Prosecutor,
Congo, took 2 months
Central Africa, 4 months
Uganda, 6 months

Darfur, 3 months

Regarding the situation in Libya, the Prosecutor took 3 days to decide to open an investigation (in such time he had to consider all the information he had, the jurisdiction, the admissibility and the interests of justice). In just 5 days the ICC Prosecutor already indicated the names of the persons under investigation.

5. This is extraordinary given that the referral by the UN SC violates the ICC Statute. This goes to show that the ICC Prosecutor is absolutely not independent. The ICC did not show to be independent and impartial in this matter. For example, one of the judges of the Pre-Trial Chamber I, Mr. Cuno Tarfusser, recently made statements to the Italian media on the situation in Libya which indicated that the ICC is not impartial.
6. Now that the ICC has issued its illegitimate warrants, we expect NATO to stop their bombings and to also abandon its threat to kill Colonel Qadhafi and allow the ICC disputed process to take course. Failing which, it would mean that the ICC is not recognized and respected by NATO itself. Furthermore, NATO should immediately announce a ceasefire to guarantee the safety of the legitimate Libyan Leader, Colonel Qadhafi and other representatives and officials of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya to exercise their right to defend themselves in a fair tribunal.
7. We have good reasons to believe that the case against our client is found on the desperation to have access to the rich oil resources and not any legal ground as NATO should account on the destruction of Libyan infrastructure, killing of innocent civilians, women and children as well as the deprivation of access to basic necessities, including baby food.
8. The merit of the facts alleged do not require long comments, they are the result of a campaign conducted through the media. A great deal of information that has been given to the media has already proven to be false. It is responsibility of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya to use all legitimate means, as our clients used, to maintain and re-establish law and order in the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya and to defend the unity and the territorial integrity of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya. 

see also  The "political rape" and REDACTED - > http://libyasos.blogspot.com/p/icc.html

Russian preparing marine "Caravan of Peace" to Tripoli

   On June 28, RIA Novosti (Russian Informational news Agency) held press conference of representatives of Russian non-governmental organizations, preparing to send a large shipment of humanitarian aid to Libya. The civilian population of Libya became a victim of economic sanctions imposed on this country and NATO bombing.

    LL.D. Sergei Baburin -  Focusing on the work of the committee set up in May (pickets, rallies, delegation to Libya, coordination of actions with organizations in other countries,work with media), chairman of the committee noted that now the primary task is to provide humanitarian assistance to the people of Libya. Not to those who embezzled this name with help of their Western backers, but to real people of Libya, who suffer from the NATO bombing.
   Chairman of the Committee of Solidarity with the peoples of Libya and Syria, told reporters about a letter to Prime Minister Vladimir Putin from the union of Libyan doctors with a request for urgent humanitarian assistance. The letter was given to delegation of Committee in Tripoli and will be delivered to the addressee.
      Eugene Sandro, who had just returned from Libya, was speaking as eyewitness. He spoke about the huge lines for petrol, which are languishing women and children: "The eastern part of Libya's is supplied with gasoline continuously. In hospitals I have been shown empty shelves - lack of antibiotics, even bandages. Lines for bread. There is enough flour, but no gas to bake bread. There is not enough baby food. All these are effects of a naval blockade. All this - gasoline and medicines are exempt from the prohibition of the UN. We must provide humanitarian assistance to suffering people. But even a word of truth can help. "
     Professor Marat Musin: "Shortly after our meeting, NATO stuck new university buildings. Before this outraged students showed me other ruined classrooms. In the hospital I saw a 2nd-year student of University Faculty of Economics, whose leg was torn by American rocket. The guy jumped out of the house and came under fire, 18 rockets in 25 minutes...
    The humanitarian disaster triggered by NATO bombers: no drugs, no gasoline. But the strongest indignation is raising by lies in the media. Lies in conjunction with NATO bombs. We ourselves have been there in 2008 (Russian-Georgian conflict). June 12 all the major news agencies reported of fighting in Al-Zawiya. We sent there a film crew of REN-TV. The peaceful town, mothers with babies in their arms, children are riding bikes, yawning policemen. People can not believe that is possible to lie like that! In addition, the position of leader, as they say, until recently was: "we do not commit those crimes in which we are accused, we are right and should not make excuses ...."
    Publicist Nicholas Sologubovsky, author or articles and films about Libya, told about his visit to Tripoli, about children, victims of NATO aggression. "The eyes of a girl, holding a portrait of Qaddafi, standing near the Children's Center, bombed by NATO... She asked me, « Why bombs? ». What could I explain to her? When all the "world community", according to Western agencies, is on the side of the NATO alliance, which claims that "humane NATO pilots perform a humane mission for the united humane protection of the civilian population of Libya."
Information about the "Caravan of Peace":

The link to press conference at RIA "Novosti":  


Press Service of the Russian Committee of Solidarity with the peoples of Libya and Syria

NATO KILLED 16 CIVILIANS [28.06.2011.]

NATO air strike killed 16 civilians (one whole family killed) and more than 20 injured in public market in Tawergha east of Misurata , Libya June 28 2011 video -->http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zWO5b9lTaP8

Libyan boy today said:  "my brother back today from Brega and the second still their and he told me that NATO bombed the food warehouse in Brega they want our people starving now"

Jun 28, 2011

Libya: The Great Debate

by Timothy Bancroft-Hinchey
   There can be no doubt at all that the situation in Libya provides one of those moments which provide a collective test to measure where Humankind stands, what its values are and how far it has progressed towards a state in which our societies are governed by the precepts of the rule of law, in which international law not only exists but is applied.
   I invite our readers to participate in an active discussion on the points raised in this article and to reflect on them before making knee-jerk reactions, because to be qualified to enter into a meaningful debate, you have to be informed. How many of those who call Muammar al-Qathafi a "dictator" have bothered to read his Green Book, see foot note (1); how many of those who say that his humanitarian record is deplorable have bothered to read the UN Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review - Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (2)?
    In this report, the systematic commitment to uphold human rights in Libya by the Libyan authorities is praised, a record for which Colonel Gaddafi was to receive a UN award in March.
   The sheer stupidity of the attack on Libya by a handful of (powerful) nations underlies the difference between a balanced and responsible Government and the clique of self-seeking lightweight and cheap wannabes which run Britain, France and the USA today. Due to their ill-judged impetuousness, high-handedness and arrogance, they have painted themselves and the Institution they represent - NATO - into a corner.
Let us examine the background to this conflict and let us collectively reflect on the best way out.

The background
Colonel Gaddafy saw this coming, a long time ago. To start with, Benghazi and Tripoli are two cities representing, formerly, two ancient countries: Tripolitania and Cyrenaica and Benghazi has long had a radical and Islamist streak running through members of its population. This is the city which provided the highest number of suicide bombers in Iraq to act against NATO troops, this is the city which produced Abdel-Hakim al-Hasidi, the al-Qaeda operational who recruited these terrorists for the Iraq and Afghan theatres of war.

   The "rebels" are obviously funded from abroad and have been prepared for a long time. The sudden appearance of hundreds of "new" Libyan flags representing the time before Colonel Gaddafi, before he transformed Libya from the poorest country in the world to the most prosperous in Africa, was a telling sign; the timing of the Tunisian and Egyptian Revolutions on the Western and Eastern frontiers provided a timely, crafted no-man's land for NATO to coordinate the operation.
    The Libyan Government tried to reason with the "rebels", contrary to what has been reported, and Colonel Gaddafi sent his son Saif al-Arab al-Qathafi to talk with them. He was promptly murdered by NATO along with three of the Colonel's grandchildren in yet another horrific NATO war crime. Who are the rebels? See this report (3). And this video (4).
   Now, here is one of the main events which sparked it all off - the "massacre" was in fact a false flag event and carried out not by Libyan Government forces (after all why would a Government commended for its human rights record suddenly start the indiscriminate shelling of civilians?) but by the "unarmed civilians" themselves (5).
The reaction
   What was also behind this horrific surge in violence by the marauding groups of armed fanatics called "The Rebels", basically representatives from the very dregs of society, a hotchpotch of lunatics, bandits, terrorists, criminals and opportunists, was ethnic cleansing carried out against Black Libyans. The "rebels", indeed, refer to themselves as "the brigade for purging slaves, black skin." The Wall Street Journal has also reported that the "rebels" are trained by former al-Qaeda operationals, released from the US concentration camp Guantanamo Bay.
   While the Libyan Government itself has said an armed reaction was "regrettable" it has also asked what else it was supposed to do. What would anyone do if their nation was being torn apart by armed terrorists torching Government buildings and committing massacres in the streets? There is evidence of horrific "rebel" attacks against children. In this video, you can see a boy who was impaled. He later died (6).
     By now we can see that to describe this as a fight between a "brutal dictator" and "innocent civilians who wanted freedom" is sickeningly and dangerously naïve, however easy it is to sell to generations brought up on western movies with fights between the good cowboy in the white hat and the bad cowboy in the black hat.
The danger
   The problem with this simplistic attempt to brainwash the public, manipulate public opinion and whitewash NATO's war crimes in Libya (murder of children, acting outside the rules of engagement occasioning the crimes of murder, attempted murder, criminal damage with intent, grievous and actual bodily harm) and crimes under international law, interfering in an internal armed struggle, against the UN Charter (7), is that it creates the space for a travesty of international law to be committed with impunity.

    More seriously, this ill-planned, ill-conceived and very amateurish attempt at foreign policy and, unbelievably, a total absence of crisis management by poorly-advised politicians in countries with serious internal problems (Britain, France and the USA) has serious consequences for the future of Libya and the region. Indeed, the longer it goes on, the more ancient fault lines and tribal conflicts appear. The country has already shown a massive crack down the middle: the ancient countries of Tripolitania and Cyrenaica mentioned above and fighting in different areas is not based upon population vs. Gaddafi (who you will be surprised to hear, is genuinely liked and popular among the vast majority of Libyans, who would certainly vote for him in an election - that is why NATO refused this offer from the Libyan Government), but rather, upon ancient tribal feuds which are surfacing with every week that passes.
The solution
     Deriding NATO, calling its leaders incompetent, at best and criminals, at worst, feels great. However, this situation has gone beyond name-calling and it is time for action. In this non-Clauswitzian world, in which military action can be taken by entities which are not an organised military force controlled by a State apparatus, NATO countries engaging in this murderous outrage have rendered themselves open for revenge attacks by non-State players. After all, what is the difference between the slaughter of a Libyan civilian in Tripoli and a British, French or American citizen in London, Paris or Washington? One was caused by a bomb dropped from 30,000 feet and the other,by a grenade tossed through his window? Or does NATO have some God-given right to go around the world breaking international law and committing massacres?
    Such revenge attacks are not the first option, because violence engenders violence and escalates it, as is the case with the conflict in question. The answer is a political solution, so long as NATO is willing to accept one; if not, there would be no alternative in the minds of those most enraged by this travesty of international law.
    NATO has painted itself into a corner - or to be more precise, certain members of NATO have painted the Organization into a corner and the squirming and twisting and turning of most of its members is visible and audible. Italy wants out (now which bases are going to be used? Who is going to admit that its territory could well be a target?), Obama is being systematically neutered in the USA and Hillary Clinton is sounding more hysterical by the day as she sees her Grand Plan slipping though her fingers (destroying the African Union which Al-Qathafi mentors and replacing it with AFRICOM). Meanwhile, the British and French voters are starting to question why their family members are denied hospital treatment, why there are no places in schools or police on the street because their governments say they cannot afford it, when each of them has shelled out some 300 million USD to date and daily spends 50,000 to 100,000 USD per aircraft per hour plus accommodation plus insurance and other expenses...on supporting Islamist terrorists in Libya.

    Therefore, there is a need to help NATO extricate itself because it does not have the wherewithal to back down and lose face, even though its politicians deserve it. The best option would be to admit that the terms of Resolution 1973 (2011), namely the imposition of a no-fly zone, have been met, while at the same time accepting the Libyan Government's offers of allowing international mediation (something it has said from the beginning), allowing the UNO to monitor the situation on the ground, and allowing the Libyans, together with the African Union, to sort it out for themselves before it is too late and before the country and the region implode. If NATO does not accept this, then what exactly is it supporting? Obviously not democracy.
NATO's reputation therefore rests, once and for all, upon a decision to use the get-out strategy referred to above.

Comment: In the debate that follows I would request readers to refrain from ad hominem attacks, name-calling and derogatory and aggressive writing styles. For once, let us have a heated debate but without lowering the standard before it has started.

Jun 27, 2011


this article you can use with link LibyaSOS - PLEASE RESPECT OUR TIME - THANKS 
by Libya S.O.S.
Who would have thought that Twitter, a place for so many people to muse about their lunches and rant about their boring lives would actually be used to help triangulate bombing targets in Libya? 
Yes, NATO is now including Tweets as part of its "intelligence picture" in an attempt to locate Gaddafi and his “nefarious forces”.
This grandchild was killed by NATO 20.60.2011.
1 . In March 2011. Media make “great” articles about Serbs who support Gaddafi. “Serbs war over Libya” “Serbian hackers fight for Gaddafi”
More than 50,000 Internet users from Serbia are actively supporting Libyan President Gaddafi through a cyber war with his opponents, a Libyan opposition group called the Libyan Youth Movement (LYM) says. (read more)

70 902 people like this
 BUT but none of the journalists did not mention facts:
NATO’s use of depleted uranium ammunition in it’s aggression against Serbia (read more)http://www.foreignpolicyjournal.com/2011/05/14/nato-poisons-libya-with-depleted-uranium/comment-page-1/
NATO killed 89 children in Serbia and 500 Yugoslav civilians were killed in ninety separate incidents over seventy-eight days of bombing http://www.hrw.org/legacy/reports/2000/nato/Natbm200.htm#P37_987
"Twitter and Facebook are among a wide range of media and other sources NATO's "intelligence" officers monitor around-the-clock to identify potential targets in the air war against Kadhafi's troops", the officials said.
Who is user? From where? 

From first day it was strange. We “spoken” only with Libyan Youth Movement from west Europe or from Canada?!? They blocked us (of course).
List of “Libyan Youth Movement”?!?
And*** BATC***** -From Croydon, United Kingdom
YAS**** LAB*** - Norwich, Norfolk
STE** DYS*** - Lives in Toksværd, Storstrom, Denmark
SHA*** HOG**** - Lives in Delray Beach, Florida
JOHN H***** - Went to winston churchill
OLI*** D*** -From Bratislava, Slovakia
STIG-ÅKE PER**** - From Halmstad, Sweden, Born on 17 October 1953
BJØRN HOLST JE******* - From Ny Tolstrup, Roskilde, Denmark
GAR* KE**- Worked at Osmond Lange Architects Studied at Self Taught
AKR** SHER** - Lives in Madrid, Spain
PEDRO ALF****- San Juan, Puerto Rico, Born on 04 July 1948

Karm*** Bian** Lives in Valletta, Malta

San** Sa** From Arlington, Massachusetts
Libyan Youth Movement
 Libyan Youth Movement - Note to Media: contacts #Yefren & #AlQala are under COMPLETE siege, there's no going in/out of area. ONLY via satphone libyanym@gmail.com
"We will take information from every source we can," said British Wing Commander Mike Bracken, the Libya operation's military spokesman. "We get information from open sources on the Internet, we get Twitter."
   Every morning at 7:30 a.m., in the picturesque woodlands of rural Ontario, a retired auto shop manager named Janice Clinch helps her grandson get ready for school and fires up her computer for another day of battle in the Libyan desert.

   The 59-year-old has never met anybody from Libya. She has not visited the Arab world; chronic pain makes it hard for her to get around. But from her home near Seeley’s Bay, 40 kilometres northeast of Kingston, she joined a committed cadre of social media users who have become, in effect, volunteer intelligence analysts. On Twitter, Facebook and other services, they discuss satellite images, vessel tracking data and the latest gossip from their sources inside the country.
   A Twitter account with apparent links to the British military has even taken the unusual step of asking users to submit the precise co-ordinates of troops loyal to Colonel Moammar Gadhafi.

   Ms. Clinch was among the first to respond. Months of online activism earned her a role as administrator of the Libyan Youth Movement page on Facebook – the only non-Libyan honoured with the job, she says – and on Monday she noticed that a regular member, somebody located in western Libya, had pinpointed a gas station converted into a temporary headquarters for Col. Gadhafi’s forces. She tweeted the co-ordinates, along with the longitude and latitude of a few other targets passed along from the same source, asking NATO to “clean up” the government troops.

  Ms. Clinch was not sure whether NATO had bombed those locations, but she continued to scour the Internet for more leads.
“I don’t believe in dictatorships,” she said. “It’s inconceivable to me that people could live in these conditions.”
   Twitter is no replacement for the forward air controllers who have guided bombs from the ground since the Second World War. Canadian and U.S. forces now call these specialists Joint Terminal Attack Controllers; some elite foreign troops are rumoured to be among the advisers helping the Libyan rebels, but they apparently do not include JTACs. This leaves an important gap in NATO’s view of the war: for all its sophisticated eyes overhead, the alliance suffers a shortage of real-time intelligence from below.
   This shortcoming is part of the reason why air power has never succeeded in overthrowing a regime, analysts say, a historical record that fuels skepticism about the campaign.
Those precedents may not be entirely valid in the new age of social media, however. In a press briefing on June 10, Wing Commander Mike Bracken, a NATO spokesman, described the so-called “fusion centre” that pulls together intelligence.
“We get information from open sources on the Internet; we get Twitter,” Wing Commander Bracken said. “You name any source of media and our fusion centre will deliver all of that into usable intelligence.”
Lieutenant-General Charles Bouchard, the Canadian who commands the operation, ultimately decides whether to trust what he’s hearing.
“He will decide, ‘That is good information and I can act on it,’ ” the spokesman said. “Where it comes from, it’s not relevant to the commander.”
   Some online activists have been contacted directly for their input. NATO staffers also appear to have set up unofficial accounts to solicit information; one user selected the name “HMS Nonsuch,” a term sometimes used by the British navy to indicate a hypothetical ship during exercises. That account describes itself as “unofficial, not run by the Royal Navy,” and offered assurances that Twitter is only a method of gathering tips that will be corroborated with other sources. 

   Robert Rowley, 48, supervisor of a Dairy Queen in Arizona, said he has already seen results from his Twitter activism. He was among the first to notice fuel tankers slipping past NATO warships and docking at ports controlled by Col. Gadhafi, which led to NATO interdictions.
   He also wonders whether his tweets might be connected to the bombing of a Gadhafi communications centre in Tripoli. Combing through satellite images, he noticed that a property listed as a commercial warehouse had a yard containing what appeared to be military vehicles. He published his observations; 10 hours later, the spot was hit by a NATO air strike.
“I’m 5,000 miles away,” he said, in an interview before his shift at the ice-cream parlour. “It’s a very weird feeling.” 

The "sponteneous rebels":
(main page from "rebels")
(domain name created on Feb-14-2011 !!!!)
Update 20.01.2012.
List of tweets sent to and used by NATO to bomb targets in Libya. -  http://storify.com/antireb/list-of-tweets-sent-to-and-used-by-nato-to-bomb-ta
Where are the internet "freedom fighters" ?
AeliciaJones @ AeIiciaJones libya human rights activist. . What mental disorder does she/he have? Crime on Twitter  -> http://libyasos.blogspot.com/2011/09/aeliciajones-aeiiciajones-libya-human.html

NATO-MATRIX or DISNEYLAND (part I) Fake profiles--> http://libyasos.blogspot.com/2011/06/nato-matrix-or-disneyland.html
NATO-MATRIX or DISNEYLAND (part II) Crime on Twitter -- > http://libyasos.blogspot.com/2011/06/nato-matrix-or-disneyland-part-ii.html
NATO MATRIX or DISNEYLAND (part III) US, Twitter and excellent english ->

...to be continued

Jun 25, 2011

Amnesty International Official: No Evidence of ‘Mass Rape’ in Libya

In an interview with the French daily Libération, Amnesty International official Donatella Rovera has cast doubt on widely-publicized charges that Libyan government troops loyal to Muammar al-Gaddafi (Libyan army) have engaged in mass rape or even used rape as a “weapon of war.” Asked about the charges, Rovera replied:
We have not found cases of rape, which does not mean that there have not been any, but, nonetheless, it is problematic. Not only have we not met any victims, but we have not even met any persons who have met victims. As for the boxes of Viagra that Gaddafi is supposed to have had distributed, they were found intact near tanks that were completely burnt out.

The mass rape charges have been invoked by American Ambassador to the UN Susan Rice, International Criminal Court Chief Prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo, and, most recently, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. The related “Viagra” story appears to have been first publicized by Al-Jazeera. (See the March 27 Al-Jazeera report here.)
Who still beleiveto Al Jazeera? 
OH yes ICC! 
For ICC and Moreno-Ocampo Al Jazeera is great source! 
Prosecutor’s Application Pursuant to Article 58 as to Muammar Mohammed Abu Minyar GADDAFI, Saif AlIslam GADDAFI and Abdullah ALSENUSSI
 source for ICC?!?
"24  Al Jazeera??!, “Inside Gaddafi’s inner circle”, 27 February 2011, LBY-OTP-0005-1135; REDACTED.
25  BBC News?!, “Libya revolt as it happened: Tuesday”, 2 March 2011, LBY-OTP-0005-1176.
26  REDACTED; The Guardian?!, "Libyan fixer's visit to London may show Gaddafi's sons want a way out", 31
March 2011, LBY-OTP-0005-1293; The Libya Freedom, “Abdullah al Senoussi calling on his followers to
quash the current rebellion in the East”, LBY-OTP-0007-0726 (English Transcript of Excerpts: LBY-OTP-0008-0070)
3 Xinhua News Service?!, “Backgrounder: Profile of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi”, March 20, 2011, LBY-OTP-0007-0062."

see also  Viagra, condoms and Susan Rice  


    A new report from two French think tanks concludes that jihadists have played a predominant role in the eastern-Libyan rebellion against the rule of Moammar Qaddafi, and that “true democrats” represent only a minority in the rebellion. The report, furthermore, calls into question the justifications given for Western military intervention in Libya, arguing that they are largely based on media exaggerations and “outright disinformation.” 

Al Qaeda in Libya part I

    The sponsors of the report are the Paris-based International Center for Research Study on Terrorism and Aide to Victims of Terrorism (CIRET-AVT) and the French Center for Research on Intelligence (CF2R). The organizations sent a six-member expert mission to Libya to evaluate the situation and consult with representatives on both sides of the conflict.  and
    From March 31 to April 6, the mission visited the Libyan capital of Tripoli and the region of Tripolitania; from April 19 to April 25, it visited the rebel capital of Benghazi and the surrounding Cyrenaica region in eastern Libya.
Al Qaeda in Libya part II
    The report identifies four factions among the members of the eastern Libyan National Transitional Council (NTC). Apart from a minority of “true democrats,” the other three factions comprise partisans of a restoration of the monarchy that was overthrown by Qaddafi in 1969, Islamic extremists seeking the establishment of an Islamic state, and former fixtures of the Qaddafi regime who defected to the rebels for opportunistic or other reasons.
     There is a clear overlap between the Islamists and the monarchists, inasmuch as the deposed King Idris I was himself the head of the Senussi brotherhood, which the authors describe as “an anti-Western Muslim sect that practices an austere and conservative form of Islam.” The monarchists are thus, more precisely, “monarchists-fundamentalists.”
    The most prominent of the defectors, the president of the NTC, Mustafa Abdul Jalil, is likewise described by the authors as a “traditionalist” who is “supported by the Islamists.” The authors point out that Jalil played an important role in the “Bulgarian nurses affair,” so called for five Bulgarian nurses who, along with a Palestinian doctor, were charged with deliberately infecting hundreds of children with AIDS in a hospital in Benghazi. As chair of the Appeals Court in Tripoli, Jalil twice upheld the death penalty for the nurses. In 2007, the nurses and the Palestinian doctor were released by the Libyan government following negotiations in which French president Nicolas    Sarkozy’s then wife, Cecilia, played a highly publicized role. 
    The report describes members of the al-Qaeda-affiliated Libyan Islamic Fighting Group as the “main pillar of the armed insurrection.” “Thus the military coalition under NATO leadership is supporting a rebellion that includes Islamic terrorists,” the authors write. 
   Alluding to the major role played by the Cyrenaica region in supplying recruits for al-Qaeda in Iraq, they add, “No one can deny that the Libyan rebels who are today supported by Washington were only yesterday jihadists killing American GIs in Iraq.”

    The full composition of the NTC has not been made public. But, according to the authors, one avowed al-Qaeda recruiter, Abdul-Hakim al-Hasadi, is himself a member of the NTC. (On al-Hasadi, see my March 25 report here.) Al-Hasadi is described by the authors as the “leader of the Libyan rebels.” Although Western media reports commonly say that he is in charge of the defense of his home town of Darnah in eastern Libya, the CIRET-CF2R report suggests that in mid-April, al-Hasadi left Cyrenaica by boat in order to participate in the battle of Misrata. He is supposed to have taken arms and 25 “well-trained fighters” with him. Misrata is in western Libya, a mere 135 miles from Tripoli.

Regarding the effects of western military intervention in support of the rebels, the authors conclude:
Western intervention is in the process of creating more problems than it resolves. It is one thing to force Qaddafi to leave. It is another thing to spread chaos and destruction in Libya to this end and to prepare the ground for fundamentalist Islam. The current moves risk destabilizing all of North Africa, the Sahel, and the Middle East and favoring the emergence of a new regional base for radical Islam and terrorism.
What follows are some further translated highlights from the CIRET-CF2R report. The full report is available in French here.

 Libyan rebel leader proudly announces him and his men are al-Qaeda

On the Battle of Misrata:
Little by little, the city is starting to appear like a Libyan version of Sarajevo in the eyes of the “free” world. The rebels from Benghazi hope that a humanitarian crisis in Misrata will convince the Western coalition to deploy ground troops in order to save the population.
 . . . During the course of April, the NGO Human Rights Watch published casualty figures concerning Misrata that reveal that, contrary to the claims made in the international media, Qaddafi loyalist forces have not massacred the residents of the town. During two months of hostilities, only 257 persons — including combatants — were killed. Among the 949 wounded, only 22 — or fewer than 3 percent — were women. If regime forces had deliberately targeted civilians, women would have represented around half of the victims.
It is thus now obvious that Western leaders — first and foremost, President Obama — have grossly exaggerated the humanitarian risk in order to justify their military action in Libya.
The real interest of Misrata lies elsewhere. . . . The control of this port, at only 220 kilometers from Tripoli, would make it an ideal base for launching a land offensive against Qaddafi.

On Benghazi and the Cyrenaica Region:
Benghazi is well-known as a hot-bed of religious extremism. The Cyrenaica region has a long Islamist tradition going back to the Senussi brotherhood. Religious fundamentalism is much more evident here than in the western part of the country. Women are completely veiled from head to foot. They cannot drive and their social life is reduced to a minimum. Bearded men predominate. They often have the black mark of piety on their foreheads [the “zebibah,” which is formed by repeated prostration during Muslim prayers].
It is a little-known fact that Benghazi has become over the last 15 years the epicenter of African migration to Europe. This traffic in human beings has been transformed into a veritable industry, generating billions of dollars.

Parallel mafia structures have developed in the city, where the traffic is firmly implanted and employs thousands of people, while corrupting police and civil servants. It was only a year ago that the Libyan government, with the help of Italy, managed to bring this cancer under control.
Following the disappearance of its main source of revenue and the arrest of a number of its bosses, the local mafia took the lead in financing and supporting the Libyan rebellion. Numerous gangs and members of the city’s criminal underworld are known to have conducted punitive expeditions against African migrant workers in Benghazi and the surrounding area. Since the start of the rebellion, several hundred migrant workers — Sudanese, Somalis, Ethiopians, and Eritreans — have been robbed and murdered by rebel militias. This fact is carefully hidden by the international media.

On African “Mercenaries” and Tuaregs:
One of the greatest successes [of Qaddafi’s African policy] is his “alliance” with the Tuaregs [a traditionally nomadic population spread over the region of the Sahara], whom he actively financed and supported when their movement was repressed in Mali in the 1990s.
 . . . In 2005, Qaddafi accorded an unlimited residency permit to all Nigerian and Malian Tuaregs on Libyan territory. Then, in 2006, he called on all the tribes of the Sahara region, including Tuareg tribes, to form a common entity to oppose terrorism and drug trafficking . . . 
This is why hundreds of combatants came from Niger and Mali to help Qaddafi [after the outbreak of the rebellion]. In their view, they were indebted to Gaddafi and had an obligation to do so. . . . 
Many things have been written about the “mercenaries” serving in the Libyan security forces, but few of them are accurate. . . . 
In recent years, foreigners have been recruited [into the Libyan army]. The phenomenon is entirely comparable to the phenomenon that one observes on all levels of Libyan economic life. There is a very large population of foreign workers in search of employment in the country. The majority of the recruits originally come from Mali, Chad, Niger, Congo, and Sudan. . . . 
The information from rebel sources on supposed foreign intrusions [i.e. mercenaries] is vague and should be treated with caution. . . . 
On the other hand, it is a proven fact — and the mission was able to confirm this itself — that Tuaregs from Niger came to Tripoli to offer their support to Qaddafi.(video) They did so spontaneously and out of a sense of debt.
 . . . It seems that Libyans of foreign origin and genuine volunteers coming from foreign countries are being deliberately confused [in the reports on “mercenaries”]. Whatever the actual number [of foreign fighters], they form only a small part of the Libyan forces.
On the role of the international media:
Up until the end of February, the situation in western Libyan cities was extremely tense and there were clashes — more so than in the east. But the situation was the subject of exaggeration and outright disinformation in the media. For example, a report that Libyan aircraft bombed Tripoli is completely inaccurate: No Libyan bomb fell on the capital, even though bloody clashes seem to have taken place in certain neighborhoods. . . . (video)
The consequences of this disinformation are clear. The U.N. resolution [mandating intervention] was approved on the basis of such media reports.(see Al Jazerra Lies) No investigative commission was sent to the country. It is no exaggeration to say that sensationalist reporting by al-Jazeera influenced the U.N.
On the insurrection in Benghazi:
As soon as the protests started, Islamists and criminals immediately took advantage of the situation in order to attack high-security prisons outside Benghazi where their comrades were being held. Following the liberation of their leaders, the rebellion attacked police stations (video)and public buildings. The residents of the city woke up to see the corpses of policemen hanging from bridges.
Numerous atrocities were likewise committed against African workers (video), who have all been treated as “mercenaries.” African workers were expelled, murdered, imprisoned, and tortured.(video)

On the insurrection in Zawiya (a town in western Libya):
During the three weeks [that the town was controlled by the rebels], all public buildings were pillaged and set on fire. . . . Everywhere, there was destruction and pillaging (of arms, money, archives). There was no trace of combat, which confirms the testimony of the police [who claim to have received orders not to intervene]. . . . 
There were also atrocities committed (women who were raped, and some police officers who were killed), as well as civilian victims during these three weeks. . . . The victims were killed in the manner of the Algerian GIA [Armed Islamic Group]: throats cut, eyes gauged out, arms and legs cut off, sometimes the bodies were burned . . .You can see video

— John Rosenthal writes on European politics and transatlantic security issues. You can follow his work at www.trans-int.com or on Facebook.

see also : WHO IS "OPPOSITION" in Libya  (part I) -> http://libyasos.blogspot.com/2011/06/who-is-oppostion-in-libya-part-i.html

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